Citation Style Guide for CSW Publications

Effective July 1, 2020, CSW publications will adhere to the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS).

Online access to the CMS style guide requires subscription. You should be able to access the website by first logging in to your institutional VPN.

We provide samples of the most common types of citations below. These and others are also available in the Citation Quick Guide.

For blog posts and policy briefs:

For papers submitted to conferences, eScholarship, etc.:

  • You may choose between the notes-bibliography system (above) and the author-date system.

If you have any unanswered questions after consulting the CMS, please contact CSW’s Program and Research Developer.



  • CMS discourages the use of ibid. in favor of shortened citations (see “short form” samples below).
  • Numbers 1–9 are spelled out (except for percentages, see below). Numbers 10 and above are numerical.
  • All percentages are numerical, and “percent” is spelled out (e.g., 5 percent).
  • Places like the United States and Los Angeles are spelled out, unless in adjective form (e.g., The currency of the United States is the US dollar)
  • The US, LA, PhD, MA etc., are written without periods (so not US., L.A., Ph.D. or M.A.).


One author

Endnote: Michael Pollan, Michael, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 3.

Endnote Short Form: Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, 3.

Two or more authors

Endnote: Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History, 1941-1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007), 59–61.

Endnote Short Form: Ward and Burns, War, 59-61.

More than 4 authors

Endnote: Dana Barnes, Kevin Jones, Sue Scott and John Q. Scholar, Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s (New York: Knopf, 2010), 10.

Endnote Short Form: Barnes et al., Plastics, 10.

Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

Endnote: Richmond Lattimore, trans., The Iliad of Homer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951), 91-92.

Endnote Short Form: Lattimore, Illiad, 24.

Editor, translator, or compiler in addition to author

Endnote: Gabriel García Márquez, Love in the Time of Cholera, trans. Edith Grossman (London: Cape, 1988), 242-55.

Endnote Short Form: García Márquez, Cholera, 33.

Chapter or other part of a book

Endnote: John D. Kelly, “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.

Endnote Short Form: Kelly, “Seeing Red,” 81-82.


Article in a print journal

Endnote: Joshua I. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology 104, no. 5 (2009): 439-58.

Endnote Short Form: Weinstein, “Plato’s Republic,” 452-53.

Article in an online journal

Endnote: Gueorgi Kossinets and Duncan J. Watts, “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network,” American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 405–50, accessed February 28, 2010,

Endnote Short Form: Kossinets and Watts, “Origins of Homophily,” 439.

Article in a newspaper or popular magazine

Print Version (page numbers)

Endnote: Daniel Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” New Yorker, January 25, 2010, 68.

Endnote Short Form: Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” 69.

Online Version (no page numbers)

Endnote: Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Robert Pear, “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote,” New York Times, February 27, 2010, accessed February 28, 2010,

Endnote Short Form: Stolberg and Pear, “Wary Centrists.”


Endnote: “Privacy Policy,” Privacy & Terms, Google, last modified March 11, 2009,

Endnote Short Form: Google, “Privacy Policy.”

Endnote: “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts,” McDonald’s Corporation, accessed July 19, 2008,

Endnote Short Form: “Toy Safety Facts.”