Helen Astin was Professor Emeritus in the Graduate School of Education and a Senior Scholar at HERI. She received her Ph.D. in Psychology (Counseling and Social) from the University of Maryland. Her research interests include education and career development of women, faculty performance and rewards, and leadership. Her publications include “The Shifting Gender Composition of Psychology: Trends and Implications for the Discipline” (with G.M. Pion and M.T. Mednick, et al), American Psychologist (May 1996). Astin also served as Acting Director of CSW from 1991–1992.
Julia Wrigley is currently Professor in the Sociology Program at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her Ph.D. is from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is editor of Gender and Educational Equality and Sociology of Education, and author of Class Politics and Public Schools: Chicago, 1900–1950. She has also written many articles and book chapters. She has served on the editorial boards of Educational Policy, Contemporary Sociology, History of Education Quarterly, and the American Educational Research Journal.